Mitos y verdades sobre el Shale

En una solicitada publicada en los principales diarios, el Instituto Argentino del Petróleo y del Gas (IAPG) advierte sobre la oportunidad que representa la explotación de recursos no convencionales de hidrocarburos para el horizonte energético de nuestro país.

“Vaca Muerta es nuestro mayor reservorio de hidrocarburos no convencionales”, asegura el IAPG, que detalle que el volumen total de estos recursos “equivale a aumentar en 25 veces” el potencial del gas y del petróleo que existe hoy en el territorio argentino, “garantizando la energía para los próximos 100 años”. Aclara que “la única diferencia que existe con el petróleo y el gas que conocemos es la técnica de extracción, que requiere utilizar arena y agua a alta presión”.

En cuanto a los “mitos y verdades” que circulan en torno a la técnica del fracking o “fractura hidráulica”, se destaca que no se ponen en riesgo las napas de agua porque en nuestro país “los acuíferos de agua dulce se encuentran a un máximo de 300 metros de profundidad, separados por no menos de 2 kilómetros de roca de los hidrocarburos no convencionales (shale) que se encuentran mucho más profundos”. Añade que “los pozos se protegen con entubamiento de acero y cemento que impiden cualquier contacto con el agua”.

Por otro lado, se aclara que los volúmenes de agua utilizados en la estimulación hidráulica “son muy inferiores a los que se utilizan en otras actividades”. Citando específicamente el caso de Neuquén, se afirma que “se utilizará menos del 0,1% del caudal de los ríos frente al 5% que se utiliza para el riego, la industria y el consumo humano”, mientras “el 95% restante desagua en el mar”. También se puntualiza, respecto de los aditivos químicos utilizados, que se encuentran en “concentraciones muy bajas”, “nunca entran en contacto con el medio ambiente” y la mayoría de ellos “se usan en la vida cotidiana” en productos como cosméticos, bebidas y artículos de higiene y limpieza.

Por último se desmiente que la estimulación hidráulica provoque terremotos y, en relación a la contaminación del agua potable, se informa que la Agencia de Protección Ambiental (EPA) de EE.UU. -país con mayor desarrollo de esta tecnología- “no encontró pruebas de que esta tecnología afecte el medio ambiente”. Se aclara, finalmente, que los únicos países que han prohibido esta tecnología son Francia y Bulgaria, que por otra parte “no tienen ningún antecedente en la perforación de este tipo de pozos”; mientras que Gran Bretaña decidió levantar la moratoria declarada al respecto.

Publicado en: Energía & Minería
Etiquetas: , ,

39 respuestas a “Mitos y verdades sobre el Shale”

  1. […] original aquí Share this:TwitterFacebookMe gusta:Me gusta Cargando… Etiquetas: agua, argentina, calentamiento […]

  2. Unbedingt im Culinary Institute essen! Noch nie habe ich etwas leckereres gegessen als den Nachtisch dort. Und natürlich Cupcakes in der Magnolia Bakery.

    • Tilly dice:

      I can’t beivele I’ve been going for years without knowing that.

    • insure modified car dice:

      Hi there, just changed into alert to your weblog via Google, and located that it’s truly informative. I’m gonna be careful for brussels. I will appreciate in the event you continue this in future. Lots of other people shall be benefited out of your writing. Cheers!

    • best car insurer dice:

      It’s spooky how clever some ppl are. Thanks!

    • sports clips discounts dice:

      Perchè se hai una Tv tradizionale da maggio del prossimo anno dovrai avere un decoder per ricevere le Tv in digitale terrestre, uno se hai Sky e un altro per ricevere Tivù Sat. Sempre se la cosa ti interessa

    • can you use coupons on amazon dice:

      I appreciate you taking to time to contribute That’s very helpful.

    • white water tickets discounts dice:

      It’s the scariest thing! Stephany always remember the things that are worth most in life are paved with the rockiest roads… I know you will be able to read aloud one day because I know how much being a writer means to you! You just have to let the desire to be a writer outweigh the fear… you can do it!!

    • johnny rockets coupons dice:

      I’ve been looking for a post like this forever (and a day)

    • arizona quotes dice:

      You’ve really helped me understand the issues. Thanks.

    • coupons for restaurants dice:

      I honestly do not understand why anyone feels the need to post negative comments…just click away if you can't say something civil. Good for you for calling them out. I agree with Lauren, sending them angry vibes from their zip code!

    • childrensplace coupons dice:

      With so many vendors that offer net cash advances payday loans, most of him or her are offering other competitive andaffordable rates to attract potential borrowers.By with the use of a payday service you can reward your bills without the need for straining relationships.

    • discounts for teachers dice:

      It’s a relief to find someone who can explain things so well

    • sildenafil dice:

      Add White to that list…………..every game I watch that guy stand flat footed and watch the runnner go by him, won’t even reach out to try and tackle someone.Disappointed again this week with no improvement to their game of football, let alone look competitive or get a win.Have never asked for a coaches job and I hate to say this but………..if the Pokes go anything less than 3 and 1 through the last four games……DC, the coaching staff and Burman should fall on the sword, resign and ask not to receive any by outs.

    • real madden 16 coin generator dice:

      When I was pregnant with my son I was self insured and the insurance did not cover maternity but I found a plan from Regence Blue Shield that I switched my coverage to (I was three months pregnant). It not only covered maternity but it did not consider it a pre-existing condition so the coverage was immediate. It might be worth speaking with an insurance broker to see what your options are. Good Luck! And don’t despair, even if you cannot find coverage there are options available. I know some hospitals give a discount for self pay and most will set up payment plans.

    • sildenafil dice:

      It’s imperative that more people make this exact point.

    • sildenafil dice:

      Alas, I fear my TV is nearing the same fate. The sound is starting to get really muffled so that no matter how loud the volume, it still sounds like everyone is muzzled. Definitely going to make it a curbside donation.

    • sildenafil dice:

      I and also my guys have already been following the great advice located on your web page and then I had a terrible feeling I had not thanked you for those techniques. The ladies are actually certainly stimulated to study them and have now truly been having fun with these things. I appreciate you for really being indeed kind and also for having such useful useful guides most people are really desirous to know about. My very own honest apologies for not expressing gratitude to you sooner.

    • sildenafil dice:

      sigaranın zararlarını kim bilmez ama yinede bildikleri halde içenler görürüz lütfen gordüklerimizi uyaralım,ve zararlarını hatırlatalım.Lütfen beyler sigara içmeyelim. Kuçuklere desekte onlar sızı gordukçe alışır ve buyuyunce sigara içerler

    • sildenafil dice:

      Great insight. Relieved I’m on the same side as you.

    • sildenafil dice:

      Evil Ine zegt:Curry kijkt ook helemaal verlekkert naar je heerlijke toetje!Deze week werd ik vrolijk van: De kindjes die mij een lieve strandwacht vonden.. De vrienden die voor me klaarstonden toen ik weer eens door mijn enkel ging.. en het vrolijkst werd ik toen ik Wolf en Mus zag!

    • cheap auto ins Lodi, California dice:

      "But I have to admit that I have a bias against Long because he preaches a prosperity gospel which I believe from my understanding of the gospel is actually contradictory to its message. And it bothers me that Long's message is so self serving for the black middle class."I'm not a big fan of the prosperity gospel, either, since most churches that practice it seem more interested in worshiping money than worshiping God.

    • car insurence Marietta, GA dice:

      bro anonymous..nk tny sekt..ko tau dok fact& figure about this project?klu dok tau..dok diam2..jgn nk memBABI BUTA kan diri menentang ape yg ko xtau..klu ko consider diri ko seorang professional, analysed and judge it based on facts&figure..not on assumptions..tqvm

    • afterbirth 999 coins cheat dice:

      You mean I don’t have to pay for expert advice like this anymore?!

    • likedike coins hack dice:

      In the complicated world we live in, it’s good to find simple solutions.

    • cartel coins free swtor dice:

      Eu tive problemas com luxação no ombro 2 x no inicio do ano. Fiz uma ecografia, e apontou a instabilidade na articulação, sem lesão ligamentar e muscular… ainda bem…Fiz um trabalho de reforço na musculatura da região, e surtiu efeito. Agora pratico natação normalmente…..mas tenho um grande cuidado nos exercícios, me policio.Na segunda vez que caiu o braço fora, doeu pra caramba..bem no momento que praticava nado peito…..eu sei o que o JC passou naquele momento de dor.Desejo Melhoras ao Sr. Doutor Osmar!Aqui é Corinthians!!!Um abraço!

    • Gaithersburg wuto insuranc dice:

      Didn’t know the forum rules allowed such brilliant posts.

    • i21 dice:

      How awesome that this challenge was so like a family tradition! Your pierogi filling of spinach and potato sounds fabulous! I wonder how it would work with the piroshki dough… hmmm… Might have to try that…! Thank you!

    • 2007 pontiac grand am dice:

      It’s good to get a fresh way of looking at it.

    • super cheap car dice:

      Mr. Smith… I see that you are still drawing much attention from your Art Project. Sorry for not responding to your last set of questions. Had a family emergency. Now, first of all…to the people who claim the Jerusalem UFO is not fake. I can eat that event to shreds, with 2,000 plus words of documented analysis, I sent to all of my fellow UFO researchers. I can prove every single Jerusalem video as fake, beyond a shadow of doubt! That event was (is) simply a Propaganda Stunt. Unlike this…

  3. I love reading these articles because they’re short but informative.

  4. http://www./ dice:

    Janet has already approved my application for unlimited county credit card.Only reality is…………. you have no future in your life because you show absence of humility in your defective personal/intellectual character!

  5. 274An impressive share, I simply specified this onto a colleague who was executing somewhat evaluation on this. And he in real truth purchased me breakfast being a results of I identified it for him.. smile. So allow me reword that: Thnx to the deal with! But yeah Thnkx for spending the time to debate this, I seriously come to feel strongly about it and enjoy looking through a lot more on this subject. If possible, as you develop to be expertise, would you brain updating your blog with a lot more particulars? It is extremely useful for me. Massive thumb up for this weblog publish!

  6. policy vs standard dice:

    It’s wonderful to have you on our side, haha!

  7. register car texas dice:

    I read your post and wished I’d written it

  8. cheap ins dice:

    This is really fascinating, You are an overly skilled blogger. I’ve joined your rss feed and look forward to in the hunt for extra of your magnificent post. Additionally, I’ve shared your web site in my social networks|

  9. cerave coupons dice:

    Hi Gay! Well my studio was the first room I set-up when I moved – even before my kitchen and I love to cook. I think maybe if you enjoy being in your studio – your studio becomes a favorite room. I’ve had plenty of dry spells when I didn’t enjoy my studio and I’m not sure what brings me around – usually a workshop or buying new art materials or reading a great book. Right now I’m just enjoying the discovery of painting and that’s enough. I hope you get back in your studio because I really love your work!

  10. coupons for jcpenney dice:

    They replaced the stock lean injectors for performance carbs, allowing the engine to run at lower temperatures without the need of an oil cooler.I like the simple design, but WHY a two-up seat when there are clearly no passenger footpegs??

  11. runescape coin generator 2017 dice:

    ohhhh I love the ones with the laptops and you standing against the wall. Especially the one where you are around the corner sort of meeting Glugs. And i love the last one which is sort of black and white. Please tell Jeanette if she ever comes across the pond I will totally hire her to shoot some pics of Grumpy and I (or if we ever make it over to SA). She totally captured your guys and you can see how much you love each other..-= Katy´s last blog .. =-.

**Array ( [author] =>

[email] => [url] =>

)

Deja un comentario

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *

IMPORTANTE: Los comentarios publicados son de exclusiva responsabilidad de sus autores, y las Consecuencias derivadas de ellos pueden ser pasibles de las sanciones legales que correspondan. Aquel usuario que incluya en sus mensajes algún comentario soez o agresivo , será eliminado o inhabilitado para volver a comentar.


 

You need to log in to vote

The blog owner requires users to be logged in to be able to vote for this post.

Alternatively, if you do not have an account yet you can create one here.